Genitron.com

Common Handgun Cartridges

Below is a list of modern firearm cartridges that are used in the handguns found in our database. Some of these cartridges were actually designed for use in rifles, but many handguns in our database have variants that are chambered for rifle cartridges. As such, those cartirdges are also included in our list.

.22 Short
.22 Short
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimfire, straight
Introduced: 1857 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:0.695-in Case Len:0.421-in
Case Dia:0.226-in Bul Dia:0.225-in
Ballistics approximated for:
9.5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:27 gr1025 ft/sec63 ft-lbs
To:29 gr1016 ft/sec67 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
29 gr1016 ft/sec67 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 29470 TKO: 0.947
Description:

This cartridge holds the record for being in continuous production longer than any other commercial cartridge. It began in the black-powder era when it was introduced with Smith & Wesson's First Model revolver. At the time it was intended as a self defense round, but today its in the category of small varmint shooting and short-range gallery plinking.

.17 HMR (.17 Hornady Magnum Rimfire)
.17 HMR
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimfire, bottleneck
Introduced: 2002 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.365-in Case Len:1.064-in
Case Dia:0.242-in Bul Dia:0.173-in
Ballistics approximated for:
8.5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:15.5 gr2120 ft/sec155 ft-lbs
To:20 gr1994 ft/sec177 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
17 gr2141 ft/sec173 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 36403 TKO: 0.897
Description:

This cartridge is based on a .22 Magnum (WMR) rimfire case that is necked down to seat a 17 grain, .17 caliber Hornady V-Max bullet. As done with the .17 Mach 2, the .17 HMR is sized such that manufacturers can easily re-tool .22 WMR gun designs to the new .17 HMR cartridge. This is a supersonic varmint round that travels over twice the speed of sound with near flat trajectory to 100 yards. The larger cartridge and load gives the .17 HMR more than 1-1/2 times the energy at 100 yards than the smaller .17 Mach 2.

.17 Mach 2 (.17 Mach II)
.17 HM2
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimfire, bottleneck
Introduced: 2004 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.000-in Case Len:0.714-in
Case Dia:0.226-in Bul Dia:0.173-in
Ballistics approximated for:
8.5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:15.5 gr1792 ft/sec111 ft-lbs
To:17 gr2316 ft/sec203 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
17 gr2229 ft/sec188 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 37890 TKO: 0.934
Description:

This cartridge is based on a .22 caliber LR rimfire case that is necked down to seat a 17 grain, .17 caliber Hornady V-Max bullet. Although the overall length of the .17 Mach 2 is the same as the .22 LR, the necked portion of the casing is extended to support the smaller projectile. Keeping the overall size the same as the .22 LR made it easier for manufacturers to re-tool .22 caliber rimfire guns to the new .17 Mach 2 cartridge. This is a lightweight supersonic varmint round that, as its name indicates, travels almost twice the speed of sound. Its speed and weight provide a near-flat trajectory to 100 yards, but past that distance it looses effective energy.

.25 Auto (6.35mm Browning)
.25 Automatic
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1908 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.910-in Case Len:0.615-in
Case Dia:0.278-in Bul Dia:0.251-in
Ballistics measured with:
2-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:35 gr900 ft/sec63 ft-lbs
To50 gr900 ft/sec90 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
50 gr760 ft/sec64 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 38000 TKO: 1.363
Description:

This cartridge was introduced in the United States along with the Browning-designed, Colt manufactured 'Vest Pocket' pistol. Also referred to as the 6.35mm Browning, this semi-rimmed centerfire cartridge has fairly high velocity for such a small size. However, the energy it delivers at any range is quite low. This, combined with the full metal jacketed bullet, adds up to a very poor stopping or killing power on anything. The .25 ACP is not powerful enough for hunting anything but pests, nor is it adequate for serious self defense. However, the .25 auto caliber pistols are popular because of their small size and low cost.

.25 NAA (.25 North American Arms)
.25 NAA
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 2002 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.960-in Case Len:0.745-in
Case Dia:0.337-in Bul Dia:0.250-in
Ballistics measured with:
2.5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:35 gr1200 ft/sec112 ft-lbs
To112 gr1100 ft/sec134 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
35 gr1200 ft/sec112 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 42000 TKO: 1.500
Description:

The .25 NAA was introduced by North American Arms company for their Guardian model pistol. It is simply the .32 ACP necked down to accept .251"" diameter bullets. Its performance is very similar to the .32 ACP cartridge.

.22 LR (.22 Long Rifle)
.22 LR
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimfire, straight
Introduced: 1887 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.000-in Case Len:0.613-in
Case Dia:0.226-in Bul Dia:0.226-in
Ballistics approximated for:
7-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:36 gr1107 ft/sec98 ft-lbs
To:40 gr1146 ft/sec117 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
40 gr1107 ft/sec109 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 44267 TKO: 1.426
Description:

The Stevens Arms Co. developed the .22 Long Rifle rimfire cartridge from the .22 Long cartridge case developed 16 years earlier, with a 40 grain round nose bullet loaded to a higher velocity than the older 29 grain .22 Long bullet. Modern .22 Long Rifle High Velocity cartridges drive a 40 grain copper-plated bullet at a muzzle velocity of 1255 fps and muzzle energy of 140 ft-lbs from a rifle barrel. This rimfire cartridge has become the most popular sporting and target shooting cartridge in the world.

.22 Mag (WMR) (.22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire (WMR))
.22 Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimfire, bottleneck
Introduced: 1959 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.350-in Case Len:1.055-in
Case Dia:0.241-in Bul Dia:0.225-in
Ballistics approximated for:
7.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:30 gr1740 ft/sec202 ft-lbs
To:50 gr1210 ft/sec163 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
40 gr1510 ft/sec203 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 60413 TKO: 1.938
Description:

This cartridge pushes the limits of pressure possible with a rimfire case. Also referred to as the .22 WMR, the .22 Magnum was initially offered with 40 grain FMJ and JHP bullets at an advertised muzzle velocity of 2000 fps from a rifle barrel and 1550 fps from a pistol barrel. Due to the high supersonic velocity, .22 WMR cartridges are loaded with jacketed bullets. The various 30-40 grain JHP bullets are best for varmint hunting, but are overly destructive on small game.

.32 Auto (7.65 mm Browning)
.32 Automatic
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1899 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.984-in Case Len:0.680-in
Case Dia:0.337-in Bul Dia:0.313-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:60 gr960 ft/sec123 ft-lbs
To73 gr1043 ft/sec176 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
71 gr905 ft/sec129 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 64255 TKO: 2.869
Description:

Initially introduced in Europe, this semi-rimmed centerfire cartridge came to the United States when Colt introduced its 'Pocket Model' semiautomatic pistol. Like the .25 ACP, the .32 ACP is considered by many as too weak to be an effective self-defense round. But it has been an extremely popular caliber, notably by the fact that practically all minor and major manufacturers of autoloading handguns in the world have built millions of small pocket autoloaders in .32 Auto.

5.7x28 FN
5.7x28mm FN
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1989 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.594-in Case Len:1.138-in
Case Dia:0.310-in Bul Dia:0.224-in
Ballistics measured with:
4.82-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:27 gr2100 ft/sec264 ft-lbs
To55 gr1000 ft/sec120 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
40 gr1675 ft/sec250 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 67000 TKO: 2.148
Description:

This cartridge was developed by Belgium gunmaker Fabrique Nationale for its new personal defense gun, the P90 and its companion pistol, the FN Five-Seven. The military armor-piercing variant of the round is claimed to be far superior to the NATO standard 9mm cartridge. The civilian variants of this cartridge are not available with armor-piercing bullets, and as such have a much weaker performance, closer to that of the .22 WMR (.22 Magnum).

.32 S&W Long (.32 Smith & Wesson Long)
.32 S&W Long
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1896 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.280-in Case Len:0.920-in
Case Dia:0.337-in Bul Dia:0.315-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:97 gr800 ft/sec138 ft-lbs
To100 gr886 ft/sec174 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
98 gr705 ft/sec115 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 69090 TKO: 3.109
Description:

This cartridge was developed for the Smith & Wesson First Model solid-frame hand-ejector revolver. The cartridge is known for its high accuracy and light recoil. It is considered by many as the smallest revolver cartridge deemed adequate for defense use.

.22 TCM (.22 Tuason-Craig Micromagnum)
.22 TCM
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 2011 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.265-in Case Len:1.022-in
Case Dia:0.372-in Bul Dia:0.224-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
Only one cartridge currently available for this caliber.
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
40 gr1875 ft/sec312 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 75000 TKO: 2.400
Description:

The .22 TCM is a proprietary cartridge developed by Fred Craig and Rock Island Armory. It is a bottlenecked cartridge, similar in case capacity, general shape, and performance to the 5.7x28 FN cartridge.

.32 NAA (.32 North American Arms)
.32 NAA
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 2002 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.984-in Case Len:0.680-in
Case Dia:0.373-in Bul Dia:0.313-in
Ballistics measured with:
2.5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:60 gr1200 ft/sec192 ft-lbs
To80 gr1000 ft/sec178 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
80 gr1000 ft/sec178 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 80000 TKO: 3.571
Description:

This cartridge is basically a .380 ACP case necked down to house a 32-caliber bullet. In 2002 North American Arms offered this chambering in its Guardian mini-pistol product line. The cartridge uses a proprietary bullet designed by Hornady. It is touted by its developer to have performance better than or equal to the .380 ACP cartridge, with less recoil.

.380 Auto (9mm Browning Short)
.380 Automatic
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1912 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.984-in Case Len:0.680-in
Case Dia:0.374-in Bul Dia:0.357-in
Ballistics measured with:
3.75-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:70 gr1170 ft/sec213 ft-lbs
To102 gr950 ft/sec205 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
90 gr1000 ft/sec200 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 90000 TKO: 4.584
Description:

Designed by John Browning and introduced by Fabrique Nationale of Belgium, this cartridge has achieved world-wide acceptance and has even been adopted as the standard pistol cartridge by several governments. One reason for the round's success is that it is the largest practical cartridge that can be easily adapted to small automatic pocket pistols. Ballistics fall far short of even the 9mm Luger, but still prove adequate for most self-defense situations. The round has established quite a niche position in this role, often being chosen over more traditional small calibers such as the .25 and .32 Autos.

.32 Mag (.32 Harrington & Richardson Magnum)
.32 H&R Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1984 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.350-in Case Len:1.075-in
Case Dia:0.337-in Bul Dia:0.315-in
Ballistics approximated for:
4.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:80 gr1106 ft/sec217 ft-lbs
To:100 gr1106 ft/sec272 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
85 gr1077 ft/sec219 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 91541 TKO: 4.119
Description:

This cartridge was the result of a joint project between Harrington & Richardson and Federal Cartridge Company. It was introduced in 1984 for the five-shot H&R Model 504, 532 and 586 revolvers. The cartridge is simply the older 32 Smith & Wesson Long case lengthened by 0.155 inch. Therefore, any 32 Magnum revolver will also accept and fire both the .32 S&W and the .32S&W Long cartridges. The .32 H&R Magnum cartridge performance level is well above that of any other 32-caliber handgun cartridge currently available.

.32-20 Cal (.32-20 WCF)
.32-20 Winchester
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1882 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.592-in Case Len:1.315-in
Case Dia:0.352-in Bul Dia:0.313-in
Ballistics approximated for:
7.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
Only one cartridge currently available for this caliber.
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
100 gr940 ft/sec196 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 94046 TKO: 4.198
Description:

Although originally designed for the Winchester Model 73 lever-action rifle, the 32-30 became very popular as a revolver cartridge in its time. Now, the cartridge is in a semi-obsolete status, having been replaced by the likes of the .32 H&R Magnum and the .357 Magnum rounds for for performance in a revolver.

.218 BEE
.218 BEE
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1938 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.680-in Case Len:1.345-in
Case Dia:0.347-in Bul Dia:0.225-in
Ballistics approximated for:
7.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:40 gr2157 ft/sec413 ft-lbs
To:50 gr1767 ft/sec347 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
46 gr2053 ft/sec431 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 94439 TKO: 3.029
Description:

Introduced by Winchester, the .218 BEE was originally developed for the Model 65 lever-action rifle. Today Ruger, Marlin, Thompson/Center and Browning chamber guns for this cartridge. The cartridge design is based on a .32-20 case necked-down to .22 caliber. The larger case provides a somewhat greater powder capacity and as such, a higher velocity and greater effective range than the .22 Hornet. While still an effective cartridge, the .218 BEE has been largely displaced by the .223 Remington and .22-250 Remington.

9x18 Makarov
9x18mm Makarov
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1948 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.984-in Case Len:0.713-in
Case Dia:0.392-in Bul Dia:0.365-in
Ballistics measured with:
3.75-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:92 gr1033 ft/sec225 ft-lbs
To115 gr1000 ft/sec255 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
95 gr1000 ft/sec211 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 95000 TKO: 4.954
Description:

This is the current Russian military cartridge used in the Makarov and Stechkin auto pistols. It was adopted shortly after the end of World War II, and its design was probably inspired by an experimental German cartridge called the 9mm Ultra. This cartridge is intermediate in size and power, between the .380 Automatic and the 9mm Parabellum. It is a well-designed cartridge for its purpose, although a little underpowered by Western standards.

.22 Hornet (5.6x36 Rmm)
.22 Hornet
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1930 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.723-in Case Len:1.403-in
Case Dia:0.295-in Bul Dia:0.225-in
Ballistics approximated for:
10-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:30 gr2490 ft/sec413 ft-lbs
To:45 gr2126 ft/sec452 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
45 gr2126 ft/sec452 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 95690 TKO: 3.069
Description:

This cartridge is the oldest of the centerfire .22 calibers in use today. It was developed from an old black-powder cartridge called the .22 Winchester Center Fire. Although not quite as powerful as the .218 Bee, the .22 Hornet has begun to acquire new popularity as a varmint round. It has a mixed reputation for accuracy and its range is limited to about 200 yards.

.30 Luger (7.65mm Parabellum)
.30 Luger
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1898 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.175-in Case Len:0.850-in
Case Dia:0.380-in Bul Dia:0.309-in
Ballistics measured with:
4.5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:93 gr1190 ft/sec293 ft-lbs
To93 gr1279 ft/sec338 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
93 gr1200 ft/sec297 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 111600 TKO: 4.926
Description:

Introduced in 1898 by German arms manufacturer Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM) for their new Pistol Parabellum, commonly known as the Luger pistol. Nicknamed so after its designer, Georg Luger.

.38 Spl (.38 Smith & Wesson Special)
.38 Special
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1902 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.550-in Case Len:1.155-in
Case Dia:0.379-in Bul Dia:0.358-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:90 gr1200 ft/sec288 ft-lbs
To158 gr925 ft/sec300 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
158 gr755 ft/sec200 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 119290 TKO: 6.101
Description:

Developed by Smith & Wesson and introduced along with its Military & Police Model revolver in 1902, this was originally a military cartridge intended to replace the unsatisfactory .38 Long Colt then in use by the Army. Colt brought out its own version of the .38 Special in 1909, which differs from the original only in bullet shape, being a flat-point style. The .38 Special is considered one of the best-balanced, all-round handgun cartridges ever designed. It is also one of the most accurate and very widely used for match shooting.

.38 Spl +P (.38 Smith & Wesson Special +P)
.38 Special +P
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1974 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.550-in Case Len:1.155-in
Case Dia:0.379-in Bul Dia:0.358-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:105 gr1200 ft/sec336 ft-lbs
To158 gr1250 ft/sec555 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
125 gr975 ft/sec264 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 121875 TKO: 6.233
Description:

In 1974, SAAMI established standards for a .38 Special cartridge with a gunpowder load that generated a higher firing pressure than the standard cartridge. Designated with a +P suffix, this cartridge has a significant, but not huge, increase in performance over the standard .38 Special cartridge.

.223 Rem (5.56x45 mm NATO)
.223 Remington
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1957 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.260-in Case Len:1.760-in
Case Dia:0.376-in Bul Dia:0.225-in
Ballistics approximated for:
8.5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:40 gr2524 ft/sec566 ft-lbs
To:90 gr1989 ft/sec791 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
55 gr2448 ft/sec732 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 134635 TKO: 4.318
Description:

The 223 Remington was developed as an experimental military cartridge for the Armalite AR-15 modular rifle. It is now a US military standard as well as an extremely popular commercial sporting round. The cartridge is nearly identical to the 222 Remington Magnum with the only difference being a slightly shorter case. Classified as a long range centerfire 22 round, its velocity is still supersonic at 500 yards. Note that while the military version (5.56x45mm NATO) is dimensionally the same, its higher pressure loads may be unsafe in civilian guns designated only for the .223 cartridge.

7.62x25 Tokarev
7.62x25mm Tokarev
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1930 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.381-in Case Len:0.990-in
Case Dia:0.388-in Bul Dia:0.308-in
Ballistics measured with:
4.75-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:85 gr1591 ft/sec478 ft-lbs
To85 gr1720 ft/sec558 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
85 gr1647 ft/sec514 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 139995 TKO: 6.160
Description:

This was the official Soviet pistol cartridge adopted in 1930 for the Tokarev Model TT-30 and modified Model TT-33 automatic pistols. The cartridge is very similar in dimension to the 7.63 mm Mauser cartridge. Most brands of Mauser ammunition can be fired in the Tokerev pistol. The 7.62mm Tokarev is a fair cartridge with good velocity and flat trajectory but needs softpoint bullets for maximum effectiveness.

9 mm (9 mm Parabellum)
9 mm Luger
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1902 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.169-in Case Len:0.754-in
Case Dia:0.391-in Bul Dia:0.356-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:95 gr1300 ft/sec356 ft-lbs
To158 gr950 ft/sec317 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
124 gr1150 ft/sec364 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 142600 TKO: 7.242
Description:

This cartridge was introduced along with the Luger semi-automatic pistol. The pistol and cartridge was first adopted by the German Navy in 1904 and then by the German Army in 1908. This cartridge has since been adopted by the military of practically every non-Communist power. It has become the most popular and widely-used handgun cartridge in the world. Performance wise, the 9 mm cartridge has somewhat more power than the .38 Special but falls well short of the .357 Magnum.

9 mm +P (9 mm Parabellum +P)
9 mm Luger +P
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1975 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.169-in Case Len:0.754-in
Case Dia:0.391-in Bul Dia:0.356-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:90 gr1500 ft/sec450 ft-lbs
To147 gr1125 ft/sec414 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
124 gr1200 ft/sec396 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 148800 TKO: 7.557
Description:

The +P variant is an overpressure cartridge loaded approximately 10% higher than a standard cartridge.

.327 Federal Mag
.327 Federal Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2008 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.475-in Case Len:1.200-in
Case Dia:0.337-in Bul Dia:0.313-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:75 gr1500 ft/sec375 ft-lbs
To115 gr1400 ft/sec501 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
100 gr1500 ft/sec500 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 150000 TKO: 6.707
Description:

The .327 Federal Magnum is a new cartridge introduced by Sturm, Ruger and Federal Cartridge, intended to provide the power of a .357 Magnum in six shot, compact revolvers, whose cylinders only hold 5 rounds of the larger .357 Magnum cartridge. The .327 Federal provides performance similar to the high velocity rifle loadings of the old .32-20 Winchester, though in much shorter barrel.

9x21 mm (9mm IMI)
9x21mm
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1985 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.171-in Case Len:0.833-in
Case Dia:0.392-in Bul Dia:0.356-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
Only one cartridge currently available for this caliber.
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
123 gr1220 ft/sec407 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 150060 TKO: 7.621
Description:

In many countries such as Italy, Mexico and France, it is illegal for private citizens to own handguns in military chamberings such as the NATO 9 mm Luger. Israel Military Industries designed the 9x21mm cartridge for those markets. Based on the 9x19mm Luger cartridge, the casing was lengthened from 19 mm to 21 mm. The bullet sits slightly deeper in the casing, which results in almost the same overall length as the 9x19mm Luger cartridge. While not physically interchangeable, the 9x21mm is the ballistic equal of the 9 mm Luger.

.38 Super (.38 Super Auto Colt)
.38 Super Automatic
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1929 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.280-in Case Len:0.900-in
Case Dia:0.384-in Bul Dia:0.356-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:115 gr1130 ft/sec326 ft-lbs
To130 gr1220 ft/sec430 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
130 gr1215 ft/sec426 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 157950 TKO: 8.033
Description:

Introduced by Colt as an improved version of the older .38 Auto, the Super Auto is identical to the original cartridge except that it uses a more powerful loading. For many years this cartridge was considered the most powerful automatic pistol cartridge made in the US from the standpoint of both velocity and energy. It can give greater penetration than the .45 Auto cartridge, bit is inferior to the .45 Auto in actual stopping power for defense use.

.38-40 Win
.38-40 Winchester
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1874 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.592-in Case Len:1.305-in
Case Dia:0.467-in Bul Dia:0.401-in
Ballistics approximated for:
7.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
Only one cartridge currently available for this caliber.
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
180 gr898 ft/sec323 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 161699 TKO: 9.252
Description:

This was originally a blackpowder cartridge designed as one of the chamberings in the Winchester Model 73 lever-action rifle. Around 1878 Colt began chambering revolvers for it. No rifles have been chambered for the 38-40 since 1937. It is still a popular cartridge chambering for cowboy shooting revolvers

357 SIG
357 SIG
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1994 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.140-in Case Len:0.865-in
Case Dia:0.424-in Bul Dia:0.356-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:90 gr1900 ft/sec721 ft-lbs
To147 gr1500 ft/sec734 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
125 gr1350 ft/sec506 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 168750 TKO: 8.570
Description:

The 357 SIG cartridge was developed by SIGARMS in partnership with Federal Cartridge.The cartridge uses a bottlenecked .40 S&W casing crimped to a 9mm bullet. This is why the 357 SIG is not written as '.357', as it is not truly a .357 caliber bullet, but is instead a standard 9mm bullet (.3550 in). The 357 SIG design is an attempt to create a cartridge with stopping power that would approach the larger .357 Magnum revolver round, but in a smaller package that can fit comfortably in the grip of a semi-automatic weapon. Despite the manufacturer's claims, it is not quite as powerful as an actual .357 Magnum, but it exceeds the power of a .40 S&W cartridge.

.30 Carbine (.30 M1 Carbine)
.30 Carbine
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1941 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.680-in Case Len:1.290-in
Case Dia:0.355-in Bul Dia:0.309-in
Ballistics approximated for:
7.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:110 gr1417 ft/sec491 ft-lbs
To:110 gr1611 ft/sec634 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
110 gr1584 ft/sec613 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 174262 TKO: 7.692
Description:

This cartridge was developed just prior to WWII for the military to use in its newly selected Winchester semi-automatic 30 M1 carbine. It is basically a modification of the Winchester 32 Self-Loading round of 1906. It is considered in the same class as the 32-20 WCF round with an effective range of about 150 yards.

.40 S&W
.40 Smith & Wesson
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1990 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.135-in Case Len:0.850-in
Case Dia:0.424-in Bul Dia:0.401-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:135 gr1325 ft/sec526 ft-lbs
To200 gr1000 ft/sec444 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
180 gr1000 ft/sec400 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 180000 TKO: 10.299
Description:

This cartridge was developed as a joint venture between Winchester and Smith & Wesson. It was an effort to to create a cartridge with the same power as the 10mm Norma round that the FBI had just started using, but in a shorter case. The shorter cartridge would facilitate accuracy and allow use of a smaller, more comfortable grip frame. The .40 S&W has become the cartridge of choice for many law enforcement agencies in the United States.

7.62x39mm
7.62x39mm
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1944 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.200-in Case Len:1.528-in
Case Dia:0.443-in Bul Dia:0.311-in
Ballistics approximated for:
4-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:122 gr1505 ft/sec614 ft-lbs
To:150 gr1445 ft/sec695 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
123 gr1485 ft/sec603 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 182715 TKO: 8.118
Description:

Designed by the Soviet Union during World War II and made famous by its use in the Kalashnikov AK-47. The cartridge remained the Soviet standard until the 1970s. This rimless bottleneck rifle cartridge still maintains world-wide usage due to continuing popularity of both military and civilian variants of the AK-47 platform. The 7.62x39mm is listed here because at least one handgun in our database is chambered for this cartridge.

.44 S&W Spl (.44 Smith & Wesson Special)
.44 S&W Special
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1907 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.615-in Case Len:1.160-in
Case Dia:0.457-in Bul Dia:0.433-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:165 gr900 ft/sec297 ft-lbs
To200 gr950 ft/sec521 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
200 gr920 ft/sec376 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 184000 TKO: 11.369
Description:

This is one of the first generation pistol cartridges designed to use smokeless powder. Its performance is modest compared to the .44 Remington Magnum but is very potent compared to the .38 special. The .44 S&W Special round can be fired in modern revolvers chambered for the .44 Remington Magnum.

.44-40 Win (.44 Winchester Centerfire (WCF))
.44-40 Winchester
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1873 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.592-in Case Len:1.305-in
Case Dia:0.469-in Bul Dia:0.427-in
Ballistics approximated for:
7.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
Only one cartridge currently available for this caliber.
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
200 gr928 ft/sec383 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 185661 TKO: 11.325
Description:

This cartridge was developed for Winchester's Model 1873 rifle. It is yet another example of an early centerfire, black-powder cartridge that has been used in both pistols and rifles. While it is greatly outperformed by the .44 Remington Magnum, this caliber is making a comeback in Cowboy Action Shooting events.

.357 Mag (.357 Smith & Wesson Magnum)
.357 Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1934 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.590-in Case Len:1.290-in
Case Dia:0.379-in Bul Dia:0.358-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:110 gr1295 ft/sec410 ft-lbs
To180 gr1200 ft/sec675 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
158 gr1235 ft/sec535 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 195130 TKO: 9.980
Description:

Smith & Wesson introduced this cartridge for its heavy-frame revolver. Ammunition was developed by Winchester in cooperation with Smith & Wesson. Using a lengthened and strengthened version of the .38 Special case, the .357 Magnum was rapidly accepted by hunters and law enforcement. At the time of its introduction, it was claimed to easily pierce the body panels of automobiles and crack engine blocks. While it has less power than the .44 Magnum, it compares favorably to the 10mm Norma and .45 ACP, but with better armor penetration. Today factories offer over fifty different loadings in this caliber.

.45 Auto (.45 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP))
.45 Automatic
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1904 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.275-in Case Len:0.898-in
Case Dia:0.476-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:185 gr900 ft/sec333 ft-lbs
To230 gr960 ft/sec471 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
230 gr850 ft/sec369 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 195500 TKO: 12.624
Description:

This cartridge was developed by John Browning and was adopted by the United States Ordnance Department along with the Colt-Browning automatic pistol in 1911. It has also been made the official military handgun chambering by several other governments, notably Argentina, Mexico and Norway. The 45 Automatic is the most powerful military handgun cartridge in use today. This is a heavy and powerful sub-sonic round. Although its muzzle energy can exceed 400 ft-lbs, its velocity and bullet weight creates a steep trajectory curve that limits its effective range to self-defense distances.

.45 GAP (.45 Glock Automatic Pistol)
.45 GAP
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 2003 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.137-in Case Len:0.760-in
Case Dia:0.476-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:185 gr1060 ft/sec462 ft-lbs
To230 gr900 ft/sec414 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
230 gr880 ft/sec395 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 202400 TKO: 13.069
Description:

A joint development program by Glock and Speer resulted in the .45 Glock Automatic Pistol. This new cartridge was designed by GLOCK to be used in the medium frame sized GLOCK 37 semi-auto pistol. It is based on the .45 ACP pistol cartridge, but is shorter, having the same overall length as a 9 mm Luger or .40 S&W. The .45 GAP operates at a higher pressure than the .45 ACP to make up for the smaller chamber volume. It was first believed that the traditional .45 ACP loading of a 230-grain bullet at 830 ft/sec would not be possible in the .45 GAP, but careful gunpowder selection on the part of ammunition manufacturers has realized that standard.

10 mm
10 mm
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1983 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.260-in Case Len:0.992-in
Case Dia:0.425-in Bul Dia:0.401-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:125 gr1600 ft/sec710 ft-lbs
To200 gr1300 ft/sec750 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
180 gr1150 ft/sec529 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 207000 TKO: 11.843
Description:

Initially made by Norma and chambered in the Bren Ten pistol in 1983 the 10 mm Auto was right off a formidable round. While the Bren Ten was not successful, the 10 mm cartridge was. In 1989 the FBI announced the 10 mm Auto as their officially favored sidearm. While the cartridge has proven itself over time, many felt that the cartridge was a little long for semi-auto pistols, making the pistol grip a little big for some comfort levels. When the shorter .40 S&W cartridge with very similar ballistics was introduced, it soon won popularity over the 10 mm round. The 10 mm Auto cartridge still has a strong following and manufacturers are still making pistols chambered for this round.

.45 Colt (.45 Long Colt)
.45 Colt
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1872 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.600-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.480-in Bul Dia:0.456-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:165 gr1100 ft/sec443 ft-lbs
To255 gr860 ft/sec420 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
250 gr850 ft/sec401 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 212500 TKO: 13.843
Description:

This cartridge was adopted by the US Army in 1873 for the legendary Colt Single Action Army 'Peacemaker' revolver. This is yet another cartridge that was originally a black-powder design. This cartridge is still very popular today, used in many derringers and cowboy action revolvers.

.45/.410 Cal
.45/.410 Cal
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1872 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.600-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.480-in Bul Dia:0.456-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:165 gr1100 ft/sec443 ft-lbs
To255 gr860 ft/sec420 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
250 gr850 ft/sec401 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 212500 TKO: 13.843
Description:

This term does not define an individual cartridge (i.e. .45 Colt). Rather, it designates that a particular handgun is capable of firing both the .45 Colt cartridge as well as a .410 caliber shotgun shell. Both the .45 Colt cartridge and the .410 shotgun shell have the same base and case diameters. Handguns capable of firing both cartridges have their chambers extended to 2.5 or 3 inches to accommodate the longer shotgun shell. Several factors (varying shotgun shell loads, shorter handgun barrel lengths, the presence of rifling) preclude the ability to give accurate ballistics for the .410 shell shot from handguns. As such, we only provide ballistics information for the .45 Colt handgun cartridge in our rankings.

.400 CorBon
.400 Cor-Bon
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1995 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.225-in Case Len:0.900-in
Case Dia:0.476-in Bul Dia:0.401-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:135 gr1450 ft/sec630 ft-lbs
To165 gr1350 ft/sec668 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
165 gr1300 ft/sec619 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 214500 TKO: 12.272
Description:

Cor-Bon is a brand of small arms ammunition produced by Dakota Ammo Incorporated. This cartridge is simply a .45 Auto case necked down to accept a .40 caliber bullet. The advantage of this design is the ease of conversion of .45 Auto pistol models to accept the .400 Cor-Bon cartridge. The performance of this cartridge falls somewhere between the .40 S&W and .45 Auto cartridges.

.45 Auto +P (.45 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP) +P)
.45 Automatic +P
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1975 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.275-in Case Len:0.898-in
Case Dia:0.476-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:165 gr1250 ft/sec573 ft-lbs
To230 gr1000 ft/sec511 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
230 gr950 ft/sec461 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 218500 TKO: 14.109
Description:

These cartridges have the same external dimensions as the standard-pressure cartridges and will chamber and fire in all firearms designed for the standard-pressure loadings. The inner dimensions of the +P cartridge are different from the standard-pressure cartridge dimensions and thus allows for higher pressures to be safely achieved in the +P cartridge. If +P loadings are used in firearms not specifically designed for them they may cause damage to the weapon and injuries to the operator.

.30-30 Win (7.62x51 Rmm)
.30-30 Winchester
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1895 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.550-in Case Len:2.040-in
Case Dia:0.420-in Bul Dia:0.309-in
Ballistics approximated for:
10-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:150 gr1859 ft/sec1151 ft-lbs
To:160 gr1868 ft/sec1240 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
150 gr1859 ft/sec1151 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 278832 TKO: 12.308
Description:

The 30-30 was the first American small-bore, smokeless-powder sporting cartridge. For nearly 100 years it has been what most hunters would consider the basic deer hunting cartridge. It was originally marketed as one of the chamberings available for the Winchester Model 1894 lever-action rifle. It's effective range is about 200 yards.

.41 Rem Mag
.41 Remington Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1964 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.590-in Case Len:1.290-in
Case Dia:0.435-in Bul Dia:0.410-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:170 gr1275 ft/sec614 ft-lbs
To265 gr1400 ft/sec1153 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
210 gr1360 ft/sec862 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 285600 TKO: 16.728
Description:

This cartridge was introduced in June 1964 along with the Smith & Wesson Model 57 revolver. This cartridge filled the power gap between the .357 Magnum and the .44 Remington Magnum cartridges. Many police departments initially adopted the .41 Remington Magnum revolver prior to the introduction of 9mm Luger and .40 S&W semiautomatic pistols.

.357 Rem Max (.357 Remington Maximum)
.357 Maximum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1983 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.990-in Case Len:1.605-in
Case Dia:0.375-in Bul Dia:0.359-in
Ballistics measured with:
10-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:158 gr1550 ft/sec843 ft-lbs
To200 gr1675 ft/sec1283 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
158 gr1825 ft/sec1165 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 288350 TKO: 14.788
Description:

This cartridge was announced as a joint venture between Remington Arms Co.and Sturm, Ruger and Co. It is a .33 inch elongation of the .357 Magnum case. The first handgun to chamber the round was the Ruger Blackhawk. The cartridge was conceived primarily as an ultra-velocity, flat-trajectory silhouette cartridge, but also became popular for hunting small and medium sized game.

.44 Rem Mag
.44 Remington Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1955 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.610-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.457-in Bul Dia:0.432-in
Ballistics measured with:
4-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:165 gr1300 ft/sec619 ft-lbs
To300 gr1250 ft/sec1041 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
240 gr1300 ft/sec900 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 312000 TKO: 19.255
Description:

This cartridge was developed by Smith & Wesson and Remington, and was introduced for a new heavy-frame 44 Magnum revolver. Today Ruger, Colt, Smith & Wesson and others make revolvers for this cartridge. This is a high powered pistol cartridge designed primarily for hunting. The .44 Magnum offers less power than .50 AE and .454 Casull, but much more than .357 Magnum.

.45 Win Mag
.45 Winchester Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1979 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.575-in Case Len:1.198-in
Case Dia:0.476-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
Ballistics measured with:
5-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
Only one cartridge currently available for this caliber.
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
260 gr1200 ft/sec831 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 312000 TKO: 20.146
Description:

This cartridge was introduced by Winchester in 1979 to be used in the gas-operated Wildey pistol. Winchester's new pistol was not much of a success, but the powerful .45 Winchester Magnum cartridge was. The cartridge is essentially an elongated version of the .45 ACP round. It was the most powerful semi-auto cartridge of its time, until the introduction of the .50 Action Express in 1988.

.445 Super Mag
.445 Super Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1986 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.965-in Case Len:1.610-in
Case Dia:0.457-in Bul Dia:0.429-in
Ballistics measured with:
10-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
Only one cartridge currently available for this caliber.
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
220 gr1850 ft/sec1520 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 407000 TKO: 24.943
Description:

This cartridge is essentially a .44 Magnum case with approximately 3/8-inch added to the overall length. It was designed primarily for competition silhouette shooting but is also popular for handgun hunting of large game. The .445 Super Magnum can drive a heavy 300 grain bullet 120 ft/sec faster than the .44 Magnum cartridge can.

.45-70 Gov
.45-70 Government
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1873 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.550-in Case Len:2.105-in
Case Dia:0.504-in Bul Dia:0.458-in
Ballistics approximated for:
10-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:250 gr1607 ft/sec1434 ft-lbs
To:460 gr1309 ft/sec1752 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
300 gr1492 ft/sec1483 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 447584 TKO: 29.285
Description:

This cartridge was adopted by the US Army in 1873 along with the single shot 'Trapdoor' Springfield rifle. It continued as the official service cartridge for 19 years. It is still in use today, often for short range deer or bear hunting.

.50 AE
.50 Action Express
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rebated, straight
Introduced: 1988 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.595-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.543-in Bul Dia:0.502-in
Ballistics measured with:
6-inch pistol barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:300 gr1450 ft/sec1475 ft-lbs
To325 gr1475 ft/sec1570 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
300 gr1500 ft/sec1499 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 450000 TKO: 32.271
Description:

This cartridge was developed in 1988 for the IMI (now IWI) Desert Eagle semi-auto pistol, exclusively marketed by Magnum Research. Just like the pistol, this is a mammoth round and is considered one of the world's most powerful semi-automatic cartridges. This cartridge is almost exclusive to the Desert Eagle semi-auto pistol, although AMT produced the Automag V in this caliber for a while, and now Magnum Research is also marketing a revolver in this caliber.

.480 Ruger
.480 Ruger
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2003 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.650-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.504-in Bul Dia:0.476-in
Ballistics measured with:
7.5-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:275 gr1550 ft/sec1467 ft-lbs
To425 gr1200 ft/sec1359 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
400 gr1200 ft/sec1279 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 480000 TKO: 32.606
Description:

From a performance perspective this cartridge falss in between the .44 Remington Magnum and the .454 Casull cartridges. It has slightly less relative recoil than either the .454 Casull or the .50 Action Express cartridges. Designed initially for use in Sturm Ruger's Super Redhawk revolvers, MAgnum Research and Taurus now also have revolvers chambered for this big game hunting round.

.444 Marlin
.444 Marlin
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1964 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.570-in Case Len:2.225-in
Case Dia:0.470-in Bul Dia:0.431-in
Ballistics approximated for:
10-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:225 gr1741 ft/sec1514 ft-lbs
To:320 gr1622 ft/sec1870 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
265 gr1840 ft/sec1992 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 487532 TKO: 29.983
Description:

This cartridge was designed for the Marlin Model 336 lever-action rifle. It was an improvement over the .44 Magnum revolver round, which had gained its own popularity as a rifle round but was lacking in effective range and stopping power. The .444 Marlin cartridge extends both the effective range and stopping power inherent in the .44 Magnum round.

.454 Casull
.454 Casull
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1959 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.765-in Case Len:1.383-in
Case Dia:0.478-in Bul Dia:0.453-in
Ballistics measured with:
5.7-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:240 gr1771 ft/sec1672 ft-lbs
To360 gr1450 ft/sec1680 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
300 gr1650 ft/sec1814 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 495000 TKO: 31.998
Description:

This cartridge employs a special case, similar to the .45 Colt, but 0.1 inch longer to prevent the round from chambering in .45 Colt revolvers. This is because the higher pressure loading in the .454 Casull would be dangerous in revolvers chambered for the milder .45 Colt cartridge. The .454 Casull is one of the most powerful revolver cartridges available and is primarily used for hunting.

.460 S&W Mag (.460 Smith & Wesson Magnum)
.460 S&W Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2005 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:2.290-in Case Len:1.800-in
Case Dia:0.504-in Bul Dia:0.453-in
Ballistics measured with:
8.375-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:200 gr2200 ft/sec2149 ft-lbs
To395 gr1525 ft/sec2040 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
300 gr1750 ft/sec2040 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 525000 TKO: 33.938
Description:

This cartridge is a lengthened, more powerful version of the .454 Casull. Revolvers that fire .460 S&W are usually also capable of firing the less powerful .454 Casull and .45 Colt rounds. The .460 cartridge achieves high velocities by operating at pressures normally reserved for magnum rifle cartridges. This cartridge is typically used for hunting medium to large game.

.450 Marlin
.450 Marlin
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Belted, straight
Introduced: 2000 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.490-in Case Len:2.100-in
Case Dia:0.512-in Bul Dia:0.458-in
Ballistics approximated for:
10-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:300 gr1702 ft/sec1931 ft-lbs
To:325 gr1762 ft/sec2240 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
325 gr1762 ft/sec2240 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 572530 TKO: 37.484
Description:

Marlin and Hornady teamed up in 2001 to develop a high-performance cartridge that would pick up in modern guns where the older .45-70 cartridge left off. The volume of .450 Marlin cartridge is similar to the .45-70 but the working pressure is nearly double. This produces a significant performance increase over the .45-70 cartridge.

.500 S&W (.500 Smith & Wesson Magnum)
.500 S&W Magnum
Cartridge Specifications
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2003 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:2.250-in Case Len:1.625-in
Case Dia:0.530-in Bul Dia:0.500-in
Ballistics measured with:
8.375-inch revolver barrel
Cartridge Variants:
WeightVelocityEnergy
From:275 gr1665 ft/sec1688 ft-lbs
To500 gr1500 ft/sec2498 ft-lbs
Cartridge Used in Database
WeightVelocityEnergy
500 gr1425 ft/sec2254 ft-lbs
Rankings for
Cartridge Used in Database
PF: 712500 TKO: 50.893
Description:

This cartridge is the most powerful factory load ever developed specifically for handgun use. It was developed by Cor-Bon with the 'X-Gun' engineering team at Smith & Wesson for use in their Model 500 series revolvers. The .500 S&W Magnum can develop over 2600 ft-lb of muzzle energy, nearly three times as much as the 900 ft-lb generated by the .44 Magnum.