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Common Handgun Cartridges

Below is a list of modern firearm cartridges that are used in the handguns found in our database. Some of these cartridges were actually designed for use in rifles, but many handguns in our database have variants that are chambered for rifle cartridges. As such, those cartirdges are also included in our list.

.22 Short
.22 Short
Case Type: Rimfire, straight
Introduced: 1857 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:0.686-in Case Len:0.423-in
Case Dia:0.225-in Bul Dia:0.223-in
MV: From 560 to 1164 ft/sec
ME: From 20 to 83 ft-lb
WT: From 27 to 29 grains
Description:

This cartridge holds the record for being in continuous production longer than any other commercial cartridge. It began in the black-powder era when it was introduced with Smith & Wesson's First Model revolver. At the time it was intended as a self defense round, but today its in the category of small varmint shooting and short-range gallery plinking.

.25 Automatic (6.35mm Browning)
.25 Automatic
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1908 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.910-in Case Len:0.615-in
Case Dia:0.278-in Bul Dia:0.251-in
MV: From 750 to 900 ft/sec
ME: From 62 to 73 ft-lb
WT: From 35 to 50 grains
Description:

This cartridge was introduced in the United States along with the Browning-designed, Colt manufactured 'Vest Pocket' pistol. Also referred to as the 6.35mm Browning, this semi-rimmed centerfire cartridge has fairly high velocity for such a small size. However, the energy it delivers at any range is quite low. This, combined with the full metal jacketed bullet, adds up to a very poor stopping or killing power on anything. The .25 ACP is not powerful enough for hunting anything but pests, nor is it adequate for serious self defense. However, the .25 auto caliber pistols are popular because of their small size and low cost.

.17 HM2 (.17 Mach II)
.17 HM2
Case Type: Rimfire, bottleneck
Introduced: 2004 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.000-in Case Len:0.714-in
Case Dia:0.226-in Bul Dia:0.172-in
MV: From 2010 to 2100 ft/sec
ME: From 152 to 166 ft-lb
WT: From 17 to 17 grains
Description:

This cartridge is based on a .22 caliber LR rimfire case that is necked down to seat a 17 grain, .17 caliber Hornady V-Max bullet. Although the overall length of the .17 Mach 2 is the same as the .22 LR, the necked portion of the casing is extended to support the smaller projectile. Keeping the overall size the same as the .22 LR made it easier for manufacturers to re-tool .22 caliber rimfire guns to the new .17 Mach 2 cartridge. This is a lightweight supersonic varmint round that, as its name indicates, travels almost twice the speed of sound. Its speed and weight provide a near-flat trajectory to 100 yards, but past that distance it looses effective energy.

.25 NAA (.25 North American Arms)
.25 NAA
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 2002 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.030-in Case Len:0.680-in
Case Dia:0.337-in Bul Dia:0.251-in
MV: From 1050 to 1200 ft/sec
ME: From 86 to 112 ft-lb
WT: From 35 to 35 grains
Description:

The .25 NAA was introduced by North American Arms company for their Guardian model pistol. It is simply the .32 ACP necked down to accept .251"" diameter bullets. Its performance is very similar to the .32 ACP cartridge.

.22 LR (.22 Long Rifle)
.22 LR
Case Type: Rimfire, straight
Introduced: 1887 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:0.975-in Case Len:0.600-in
Case Dia:0.226-in Bul Dia:0.223-in
MV: From 1050 to 1435 ft/sec
ME: From 98 to 191 ft-lb
WT: From 32 to 40 grains
Description:

The Stevens Arms Co. developed the .22 Long Rifle rimfire cartridge from the .22 Long cartridge case developed 16 years earlier, with a 40 grain round nose bullet loaded to a higher velocity than the older 29 grain .22 Long bullet. Modern .22 Long Rifle High Velocity cartridges drive a 40 grain copper-plated bullet at a muzzle velocity of 1255 fps and muzzle energy of 140 ft-lbs from a rifle barrel. This rimfire cartridge has become the most popular sporting and target shooting cartridge in the world.

.17 HMR (.17 Hornady Magnum Rimfire)
.17 HMR
Case Type: Rimfire, bottleneck
Introduced: 2002 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.349-in Case Len:1.060-in
Case Dia:0.238-in Bul Dia:0.172-in
MV: From 1966 to 2375 ft/sec
ME: From 146 to 250 ft-lb
WT: From 17 to 20 grains
Description:

This cartridge is based on a .22 Magnum (WMR) rimfire case that is necked down to seat a 17 grain, .17 caliber Hornady V-Max bullet. As done with the .17 Mach 2, the .17 HMR is sized such that manufacturers can easily re-tool .22 WMR gun designs to the new .17 HMR cartridge. This is a supersonic varmint round that travels over twice the speed of sound with near flat trajectory to 100 yards. The larger cartridge and load gives the .17 HMR more than 1-1/2 times the energy at 100 yards than the smaller .17 Mach 2.

.32 Automatic (7.65mm Browning)
.32 Automatic
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1899 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.030-in Case Len:0.680-in
Case Dia:0.337-in Bul Dia:0.309-in
MV: From 800 to 980 ft/sec
ME: From 100 to 130 ft-lb
WT: From 60 to 71 grains
Description:

Initially introduced in europe, this semi-rimmed centerfire cartridge came to the United States when Colt introduced its 'Pocket Model' semiautomatic pistol. Like the .25 ACP, the .32 ACP is considered by many as too weak to be an effective self-defense round. But it has been an extremely popular caliber, notably by the fact that practically all minor and major manufacturers of autoloading handguns in the world have built millions of small pocket autoloaders in .32 Auto.

.22 Magnum (.22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire (WMR))
.22 Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1959 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.350-in Case Len:1.052-in
Case Dia:0.241-in Bul Dia:0.224-in
MV: From 1875 to 2200 ft/sec
ME: From 312 to 324 ft-lb
WT: From 30 to 40 grains
Description:

This cartridge pushes the limits of pressure possible with a rimfire case. Also referred to as the .22 WMR, the .22 Magnum was initially offered with 40 grain FMJ and JHP bullets at an advertised muzzle velocity of 2000 fps from a rifle barrel and 1550 fps from a pistol barrel. Due to the high supersonic velocity, .22 WMR cartridges are loaded with jacketed bullets. The various 30-40 grain JHP bullets are best for varmint hunting, but are overly destructive on small game.

.32 S&W Long (.32 Smith & Wesson Long)
.32 S&W Long
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1896 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.270-in Case Len:0.930-in
Case Dia:0.335-in Bul Dia:0.312-in
MV: From 680 to 837 ft/sec
ME: From 102 to 154 ft-lb
WT: From 83 to 100 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed for the Smith & Wesson First Model solid-frame hand-ejector revolver. The cartridge is known for its high accuracy and light recoil. It is considered by many as the smallest revolver cartridge deemed adequate for defense use.

5.7x28mm FN
5.7x28mm FN
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1989 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.710-in Case Len:1.130-in
Case Dia:0.310-in Bul Dia:0.220-in
MV: From 1890 to 2790 ft/sec
ME: From 222 to 538 ft-lb
WT: From 23 to 40 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed by Belgium gunmaker Fabrique Nationale for its new personal defense gun, the P90 and its companion pistol, the FN Five-Seven. The military armor-piercing variant of the round is claimed to be far superior to the NATO standard 9mm cartridge. The civilian variants of this cartridge are not available with armor-piercing bullets, and as such have a much weaker performance, closer to that of the .22 WMR (.22 Magnum).

.32 NAA (.32 North American Arms)
.32 NAA
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 2002 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.980-in Case Len:0.680-in
Case Dia:0.373-in Bul Dia:0.312-in
MV: From 1222 to 1222 ft/sec
ME: From 199 to 199 ft-lb
WT: From 60 to 60 grains
Description:

This cartridge is basically a .380 ACP case necked down to house a 32-caliber bullet. In 2002 North American Arms offered this chambering in its Guardian mini-pistol product line. The cartridge uses a proprietary bullet designed by Hornady. It is touted by its developer to have performance better than or equal to the .380 ACP cartridge, with less recoil.

.22 TCM (.22 Tuason-Craig Micromagnum)
.22 TCM
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 2011 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.265-in Case Len:1.025-in
Case Dia:0.372-in Bul Dia:0.224-in
MV: From 1875 to 1875 ft/sec
ME: From 312 to 312 ft-lb
WT: From 40 to 40 grains
Description:

The .22 TCM is a proprietary cartridge developed by Fred Craig and Rock Island Armory. It is a bottlenecked cartridge, similar in case capacity, general shape, and performance to the 5.7x28 FN cartridge.

9x18mm Makarov
9x18mm Makarov
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1948 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.970-in Case Len:0.710-in
Case Dia:0.389-in Bul Dia:0.363-in
MV: From 977 to 1060 ft/sec
ME: From 173 to 237 ft-lb
WT: From 90 to 100 grains
Description:

This is the current Russian military cartridge used in the Makarov and Stechkin auto pistols. It was adopted shortly after the end of World War II, and its design was probably inspired by an experimental German cartridge called the 9mm Ultra. This cartridge is intermediate in size and power, between the .380 Automatic and the 9mm Parabellum. It is a well-designed cartridge for its purpose, although a little underpowered by Western standards.

.32 H&R Magnum (.32 Harrington & Richardson Magnum)
.32 H&R Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1984 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.350-in Case Len:1.080-in
Case Dia:0.333-in Bul Dia:0.312-in
MV: From 1030 to 1100 ft/sec
ME: From 225 to 230 ft-lb
WT: From 85 to 95 grains
Description:

This cartridge was the result of a joint project between Harrington & Richardson and Federal Cartridge Company. It was introduced in 1984 for the five-shot H&R Model 504, 532 and 586 revolvers. The cartridge is simply the older 32 Smith & Wesson Long case lengthened by 0.155 inch. Therefore, any 32 Magnum revolver will also accept and fire both the .32 S&W and the .32S&W Long cartridges. The .32 H&R Magnum cartridge performance level is well above that of any other 32-caliber handgun cartridge currently available.

.380 Automatic (9mm Browning Short)
.380 Automatic
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1912 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:0.980-in Case Len:0.680-in
Case Dia:0.373-in Bul Dia:0.356-in
MV: From 900 to 1050 ft/sec
ME: From 168 to 220 ft-lb
WT: From 88 to 115 grains
Description:

Designed by John Browning and introduced by Fabrique Nationale of Belgium, this cartridge has achieved world-wide acceptance and has even been adopted as the standard pistol cartridge by several governments. One reason for the round's success is that it is the largest practical cartridge that can be easily adapted to small automatic pocket pistols. Ballistics fall far short of even the 9mm Luger, but still prove adequate for most self-defense situations. The round has established quite a niche position in this role, often being chosen over more traditional small calibers such as the .25 and .32 Autos.

.22 Hornet (5.6x36Rmm)
.22 Hornet
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1930 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.720-in Case Len:1.400-in
Case Dia:0.294-in Bul Dia:0.223-in
MV: From 2346 to 2690 ft/sec
ME: From 550 to 723 ft-lb
WT: From 45 to 45 grains
Description:

This cartridge is the oldest of the centerfire .22 calibers in use today. It was developed from an old black-powder cartridge called the .22 Winchester Center Fire. Although not quite as powerful as the .218 Bee, the .22 Hornet has begun to acquire new popularity as a varmint round. It has a mixed reputation for accuracy and its range is limited to about 200 yards.

7.62x25mm Tokarev
7.62x25mm Tokarev
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1930 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.350-in Case Len:0.970-in
Case Dia:0.380-in Bul Dia:0.307-in
MV: From 1230 to 1390 ft/sec
ME: From 290 to 365 ft-lb
WT: From 85 to 90 grains
Description:

This was the official Soviet pistol cartridge adopted in 1930 for the Tokarev Model TT-30 and modified Model TT-33 automatic pistols. The cartridge is very similar in dimension to the 7.63mm Mauser cartridge. Most brands of Mauser ammunition can be fired in the Tokerev pistol. The 7.62mm Tokarev is a fair cartridge with good velocity and flat trajectory but needs softpoint bullets for maximum effectiveness.

.218 BEE
.218 BEE
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1938 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.680-in Case Len:1.350-in
Case Dia:0.349-in Bul Dia:0.224-in
MV: From 2500 to 2800 ft/sec
ME: From 697 to 763 ft-lb
WT: From 40 to 50 grains
Description:

Introduced by Winchester, the .218 BEE was originally developed for the Model 65 lever-action rifle. Today Ruger, Marlin, Thompson/Center and Browning chamber guns for this cartridge. The cartridge design is based on a .32-20 case necked-down to .22 caliber. The larger case provides a somewhat greater powder capacity and as such, a higher velocity and greater effective range than the .22 Hornet. While still an effective cartridge, the .218 BEE has been largely displaced by the .223 Remington and .22-250 Remington.

.32-20 Winchester (.32-20 WCF)
.32-20 Winchester
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1882 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.592-in Case Len:1.320-in
Case Dia:0.353-in Bul Dia:0.312-in
MV: From 1210 to 1210 ft/sec
ME: From 325 to 325 ft-lb
WT: From 100 to 100 grains
Description:

Although originally designed for the Winchester Model 73 lever-action rifle, the 32-30 became very popular as a revolver cartridge in its time. Now, the cartridge is in a semi-obsolete status, having been replaced by the likes of the .32 H&R Magnum and the .357 Magnum rounds for for performance in a revolver.

.38 Special (.38 Smith & Wesson Special)
.38 Special
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1902 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.550-in Case Len:1.160-in
Case Dia:0.379-in Bul Dia:0.357-in
MV: From 710 to 1250 ft/sec
ME: From 166 to 382 ft-lb
WT: From 110 to 158 grains
Description:

Developed by Smith & Wesson and introduced along with its Military & Police Model revolver in 1902, this was originally a military cartridge intended to replace the unsatisfactory .38 Long Colt then in use by the Army. Colt brought out its own version of the .38 Special in 1909, which differs from the original only in bullet shape, being a flat-point style. The .38 Special is considered one of the best-balanced, all-round handgun cartridges ever designed. It is also one of the most accurate and very widely used for match shooting.

.327 Federal Magnum
.327 Federal Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2008 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.470-in Case Len:1.200-in
Case Dia:0.333-in Bul Dia:0.312-in
MV: From 1300 to 1500 ft/sec
ME: From 334 to 500 ft-lb
WT: From 85 to 115 grains
Description:

The .327 Federal Magnum is a new cartridge introduced by Sturm, Ruger and Federal Cartridge, intended to provide the power of a .357 Magnum in six shot, compact revolvers, whose cylinders only hold 5 rounds of the larger .357 Magnum cartridge. The .327 Federal provides performance similar to the high velocity rifle loadings of the old .32-20 Winchester, though in much shorter barrel.

9 mm Luger (9 mm Parabellum)
9 mm Luger
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1902 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.160-in Case Len:0.754-in
Case Dia:0.392-in Bul Dia:0.355-in
MV: From 985 to 1500 ft/sec
ME: From 294 to 450 ft-lb
WT: From 90 to 147 grains
Description:

This cartridge was introduced along with the Luger semi-automatic pistol. The pistol and cartridge was first adopted by the German Navy in 1904 and then by the German Army in 1908. This cartridge has since been adopted by the military of practically every non-Communist power. It has become the most popular and widely-used handgun cartridge in the world. Performance wise, the 9mm cartridge has somewhat more power than the .38 Special but falls well short of the .357 Magnum.

.38 Super Automatic (.38 Super Auto Colt)
.38 Super Automatic
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1929 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.280-in Case Len:0.900-in
Case Dia:0.383-in Bul Dia:0.358-in
MV: From 1148 to 1557 ft/sec
ME: From 368 to 500 ft-lb
WT: From 90 to 150 grains
Description:

Introduced by Colt as an improved version of the older .38 Auto, the Super Auto is identical to the original cartridge except that it uses a more powerful loading. For many years this cartridge was considered the most powerful automatic pistol cartridge made in the US from the standpoint of both velocity and energy. It can give greater penetration than the .45 Auto cartridge, bit is inferior to the .45 Auto in actual stopping power for defense use.

9x21mm (9mm IMI)
9x21mm
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1985 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.160-in Case Len:0.830-in
Case Dia:0.392-in Bul Dia:0.355-in
MV: From 1090 to 1300 ft/sec
ME: From 380 to 420 ft-lb
WT: From 115 to 147 grains
Description:

In many countries such as Italy, Mexico and France, it is illegal for private citizens to own handguns in military chamberings such as the NATO 9mm Luger. Israel Military Industries designed the 9x21mm cartridge for those markets. Based on the 9x19mm Luger cartridge, the casing was lengthened from 19mm to 21mm. The bullet sits slightly deeper in the casing, which results in almost the same overall length as the 9x19mm Luger cartridge. While not physically interchangeable, the 9x21mm is the ballistic equal of the 9mm Luger.

357 SIG
357 SIG
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1994 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.140-in Case Len:0.865-in
Case Dia:0.425-in Bul Dia:0.357-in
MV: From 1130 to 1500 ft/sec
ME: From 410 to 575 ft-lb
WT: From 115 to 150 grains
Description:

The 357 SIG cartridge was developed by SIGARMS in partnership with Federal Cartridge.The cartridge uses a bottlenecked .40 S&W casing crimped to a 9mm bullet. This is why the 357 SIG is not written as '.357', as it is not truly a .357 caliber bullet, but is instead a standard 9mm bullet (.3550 in). The 357 SIG design is an attempt to create a cartridge with stopping power that would approach the larger .357 Magnum revolver round, but in a smaller package that can fit comfortably in the grip of a semi-automatic weapon. Despite the manufacturer's claims, it is not quite as powerful as an actual .357 Magnum, but it exceeds the power of a .40 S&W cartridge.

.40 S&W (.40 Smith & Wesson Auto)
.40 S&W
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1990 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.135-in Case Len:0.850-in
Case Dia:0.423-in Bul Dia:0.400-in
MV: From 985 to 1325 ft/sec
ME: From 355 to 500 ft-lb
WT: From 135 to 180 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed as a joint venture between Winchester and Smith & Wesson. It was an effort to to create a cartridge with the same power as the 10mm Norma round that the FBI had just started using, but in a shorter case. The shorter cartridge would facilitate accuracy and allow use of a smaller, more comfortable grip frame. The .40 S&W has become the cartridge of choice for many law enforcement agencies in the United States.

.44 S&W Special (.44 Smith & Wesson Special)
.44 S&W Special
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1907 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.620-in Case Len:1.160-in
Case Dia:0.457-in Bul Dia:0.429-in
MV: From 755 to 1150 ft/sec
ME: From 310 to 485 ft-lb
WT: From 165 to 246 grains
Description:

This is one of the first generation pistol cartridges designed to use smokeless powder. Its performance is modest compared to the .44 Remington Magnum but is very potent compared to the .38 special. The .44 S&W Special round can be fired in modern revolvers chambered for the .44 Remington Magnum.

.357 Magnum (.357 Smith & Wesson Magnum)
.357 Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1934 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.590-in Case Len:1.290-in
Case Dia:0.379-in Bul Dia:0.357-in
MV: From 1145 to 1542 ft/sec
ME: From 397 to 834 ft-lb
WT: From 110 to 180 grains
Description:

Smith & Wesson introduced this cartridge for its heavy-frame revolver. Ammunition was developed by Winchester in cooperation with Smith & Wesson. Using a lengthened and strengthened version of the .38 Special case, the .357 Magnum was rapidly accepted by hunters and law enforcement. At the time of its introduction, it was claimed to easily pierce the body panels of automobiles and crack engine blocks. While it has less power than the .44 Magnum, it compares favorably to the 10mm Norma and .45 ACP, but with better armor penetration. Today factories offer over fifty different loadings in this caliber.

.38-40 Winchester
.38-40 Winchester
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1874 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.590-in Case Len:1.300-in
Case Dia:0.465-in Bul Dia:0.401-in
MV: From 1000 to 1200 ft/sec
ME: From 444 to 538 ft-lb
WT: From 155 to 200 grains
Description:

This was originally a blackpowder cartridge designed as one of the chamberings in the Winchester Model 73 lever-action rifle. Around 1878 Colt began chambering revolvers for it. No rifles have been chambered for the 38-40 since 1937. It is still a popular cartridge chambering for cowboy shooting revolvers

.45 Automatic (.45 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP))
.45 Automatic
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1904 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.170-in Case Len:0.898-in
Case Dia:0.476-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
MV: From 830 to 1140 ft/sec
ME: From 333 to 573 ft-lb
WT: From 165 to 230 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed by John Browning and was adopted by the United States Ordnance Department along with the Colt-Browning automatic pistol in 1911. It has also been made the official military handgun chambering by several other governments, notably Argentina, Mexico and Norway. The 45 Automatic is the most powerful military handgun cartridge in use today. This is a heavy and powerful sub-sonic round. Although its muzzle energy can exceed 400 ft-lbs, its velocity and bullet weight creates a steep trajectory curve that limits its effective range to self-defense distances.

.45 GAP (.45 Glock Automatic Pistol)
.45 GAP
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 2003 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.070-in Case Len:0.755-in
Case Dia:0.476-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
MV: From 850 to 1090 ft/sec
ME: From 356 to 488 ft-lb
WT: From 185 to 230 grains
Description:

A joint development program by Glock and Speer resulted in the .45 Glock Automatic Pistol. This new cartridge was designed by GLOCK to be used in the medium frame sized GLOCK 37 semi-auto pistol. It is based on the .45 ACP pistol cartridge, but is shorter, having the same overall length as a 9 mm Luger or .40 S&W. The .45 GAP operates at a higher pressure than the .45 ACP to make up for the smaller chamber volume. It was first believed that the traditional .45 ACP loading of a 230-grain bullet at 830 ft/sec would not be possible in the .45 GAP, but careful gunpowder selection on the part of ammunition manufacturers has realized that standard.

.223 Remington (5.56x45 mm NATO)
.223 Remington
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1957 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.100-in Case Len:1.760-in
Case Dia:0.373-in Bul Dia:0.224-in
MV: From 2790 to 3800 ft/sec
ME: From 1140 to 1296 ft-lb
WT: From 47 to 75 grains
Description:

The 223 Remington was developed as an experimental military cartridge for the Armalite AR-15 modular rifle. It is now a US military standard as well as an extremely popular commercial sporting round. The cartridge is nearly identical to the 222 Remington Magnum with the only difference being a slightly shorter case. Classified as a long range centerfire 22 round, its velocity is still supersonic at 500 yards. Note that while the military version (5.56x45mm NATO) is dimensionally the same, its higher pressure loads may be unsafe in civilian guns designated only for the .223 cartridge.

10 mm
10 mm
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1983 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.260-in Case Len:0.990-in
Case Dia:0.423-in Bul Dia:0.400-in
MV: From 1030 to 1400 ft/sec
ME: From 425 to 587 ft-lb
WT: From 135 to 200 grains
Description:

Initially made by Norma and chambered in the Bren Ten pistol in 1983 the 10mm Auto was right off a formidable round. While the Bren Ten was not successful, the 10mm cartridge was. In 1989 the FBI announced the 10mm Auto as their officially favored sidearm. While the cartridge has proven itself over time, many felt that the cartridge was a little long for semi-auto pistols, making the pistol grip a little big for some comfort levels. When the shorter .40 S&W cartridge with very similar ballistics was introduced, it soon won popularity over the 10mm round. The 10mm Auto cartridge still has a strong following and manufacturers are still making pistols chambered for this round.

.400 Cor-Bon
.400 Cor-Bon
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1995 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.200-in Case Len:0.898-in
Case Dia:0.470-in Bul Dia:0.401-in
MV: From 1100 to 1450 ft/sec
ME: From 480 to 625 ft-lb
WT: From 135 to 180 grains
Description:

Cor-Bon is a brand of small arms ammunition produced by Dakota Ammo Incorporated. This cartridge is simply a .45 Auto case necked down to accept a .40 caliber bullet. The advantage of this design is the ease of conversion of .45 Auto pistol models to accept the .400 Cor-Bon cartridge. The performance of this cartridge falls somewhere between the .40 S&W and .45 Auto cartridges.

.45 Colt (.45 Long Colt)
.45 Colt
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1872 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.600-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.480-in Bul Dia:0.454-in
MV: From 860 to 1100 ft/sec
ME: From 355 to 537 ft-lb
WT: From 200 to 255 grains
Description:

This cartridge was adopted by the US Army in 1873 for the legendary Colt Single Action Army 'Peacemaker' revolver. This is yet another cartridge that was originally a black-powder design. This cartridge is still very popular today, used in many derringers and cowboy action revolvers.

.45/.410 Cal
.45/.410 Cal
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1872 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.600-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.480-in Bul Dia:0.454-in
MV: From 860 to 1100 ft/sec
ME: From 355 to 537 ft-lb
WT: From 200 to 256 grains
Description:

This term does not define an individual cartridge (i.e. .45 Colt). Rather, it designates that a particular handgun is capable of firing both the .45 Colt cartridge as well as a .410 caliber shotgun shell. Both the .45 Colt cartridge and the .410 shotgun shell have the same base and case diameters. Handguns capable of firing both cartridges have their chambers extended to 2.5 or 3 inches to accommodate the longer shotgun shell. Several factors (varying shotgun shell loads, shorter handgun barrel lengths, the presence of rifling) preclude the ability to give accurate ballistics for the .410 shell shot from handguns. As such, we only provide ballistics information for the .45 Colt handgun cartridge in our rankings.

.30 Carbine (.30 M1 Carbine)
.30 Carbine
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1941 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.650-in Case Len:1.290-in
Case Dia:0.355-in Bul Dia:0.308-in
MV: From 1930 to 1990 ft/sec
ME: From 910 to 967 ft-lb
WT: From 110 to 110 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed just prior to WWII for the military to use in its newly selected Winchester semi-automatic 30 M1 carbine. It is basically a modification of the Winchester 32 Self-Loading round of 1906. It is considered in the same class as the 32-20 WCF round with an effective range of about 150 yards.

.44-40 Winchester (.44 Winchester Centerfire (WCF))
.44-40 Winchester
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1873 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:1.592-in Case Len:1.310-in
Case Dia:0.471-in Bul Dia:0.429-in
MV: From 750 to 1235 ft/sec
ME: From 281 to 734 ft-lb
WT: From 200 to 225 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed for Winchester's Model 1873 rifle. It is yet another example of an early centerfire, black-powder cartridge that has been used in both pistols and rifles. While it is greatly outperformed by the .44 Remington Magnum, this caliber is making a comeback in Cowboy Action Shooting events.

.357 Maximum (.357 Remington Maximum)
.357 Maximum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1983 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.970-in Case Len:1.590-in
Case Dia:0.375-in Bul Dia:0.357-in
MV: From 1300 to 1825 ft/sec
ME: From 676 to 1168 ft-lb
WT: From 125 to 180 grains
Description:

This cartridge was announced as a joint venture between Remington Arms Co.and Sturm, Ruger and Co. It is a .33 inch elongation of the .357 Magnum case. The first handgun to chamber the round was the Ruger Blackhawk. The cartridge was conceived primarily as an ultra-velocity, flat-trajectory silhouette cartridge, but also became popular for hunting small and medium sized game.

.41 Remington Magnum
.41 Remington Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1964 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.580-in Case Len:1.280-in
Case Dia:0.433-in Bul Dia:0.410-in
MV: From 1160 to 1400 ft/sec
ME: From 607 to 833 ft-lb
WT: From 170 to 250 grains
Description:

This cartridge was introduced in June 1964 along with the Smith & Wesson Model 57 revolver. This cartridge filled the power gap between the .357 Magnum and the .44 Remington Magnum cartridges. Many police departments initially adopted the .41 Remington Magnum revolver prior to the introduction of 9mm Luger and .40 S&W semiautomatic pistols.

7.62x39mm
7.62x39mm
Case Type: Rimless, bottleneck
Introduced: 1944 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.200-in Case Len:1.528-in
Case Dia:0.450-in Bul Dia:0.312-in
MV: From 2050 to 2400 ft/sec
ME: From 1400 to 1600 ft-lb
WT: From 108 to 150 grains
Description:

Designed by the Soviet Union during World War II and made famous by its use in the Kalashnikov AK-47. The cartridge remained the Soviet standard until the 1970s. This rimless bottleneck rifle cartridge still maintains world-wide usage due to continuing popularity of both military and civilian variants of the AK-47 platform. The 7.62x39mm is listed here because at least one handgun in our database is chambered for this cartridge.

.44 Remington Magnum
.44 Remington Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1955 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.610-in Case Len:1.290-in
Case Dia:0.457-in Bul Dia:0.429-in
MV: From 1180 to 1700 ft/sec
ME: From 741 to 1219 ft-lb
WT: From 180 to 300 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed by Smith & Wesson and Remington, and was introduced for a new heavy-frame 44 Magnum revolver. Today Ruger, Colt, Smith & Wesson and others make revolvers for this cartridge. This is a high powered pistol cartridge designed primarily for hunting. The .44 Magnum offers less power than .50 AE and .454 Casull, but much more than .357 Magnum.

.45 Winchester Magnum
.45 Winchester Magnum
Case Type: Rimless, straight
Introduced: 1979 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.550-in Case Len:1.198-in
Case Dia:0.477-in Bul Dia:0.451-in
MV: From 1150 to 1850 ft/sec
ME: From 934 to 1406 ft-lb
WT: From 185 to 320 grains
Description:

This cartridge was introduced by Winchester in 1979 to be used in the gas-operated Wildey pistol. Winchester's new pistol was not much of a success, but the powerful .45 Wincheter Magnum cartridge was. The cartridge is essentially an elongated version of the .45 ACP round. It was the most powerful semi-auto cartridge of its time, until the introduction of the .50 Action Express in 1988.

.30-30 Winchester (7.62x51Rmm)
.30-30 Winchester
Case Type: Rimmed, bottleneck
Introduced: 1895 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.530-in Case Len:2.030-in
Case Dia:0.422-in Bul Dia:0.308-in
MV: From 2350 to 2800 ft/sec
ME: From 1903 to 2207 ft-lb
WT: From 110 to 180 grains
Description:

The 30-30 was the first American small-bore, smokeless-powder sporting cartridge. For nearly 100 years it has been what most hunters would consider the basic deer hunting cartridge. It was originally marketed as one of the chamberings available for the Winchester Model 1894 lever-action rifle. It's effective range is about 200 yards.

.445 Super Magnum
.445 Super Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1986 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.985-in Case Len:1.600-in
Case Dia:0.457-in Bul Dia:0.432-in
MV: From 1300 to 1500 ft/sec
ME: From 1045 to 1215 ft-lb
WT: From 240 to 300 grains
Description:

This cartridge is essentially a .44 Magnum case with approximately 3/8-inch added to the overall length. It was designed primarily for competition silhouette shooting but is also popular for handgun hunting of large game. The .445 Super Magnum can drive a heavy 300 grain bullet 120ft/sec faster than the .44 Magnum cartridge can.

.480 Ruger
.480 Ruger
Case Type: Semi-rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2003 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.650-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.504-in Bul Dia:0.475-in
MV: From 1350 to 1350 ft/sec
ME: From 1315 to 1315 ft-lb
WT: From 325 to 325 grains
Description:

From a performance perspective this cartridge falss in between the .44 Remington Magnum and the .454 Casull cartridges. It has slightly less relative recoil than either the .454 Casull or the .50 Action Express cartridges. Designed initially for use in Sturm Ruger's Super Redhawk revolvers, MAgnum Research and Taurus now also have revolvers chambered for this big game hunting round.

.50 AE (.50 Action Express)
.50 AE
Case Type: Rebated, straight
Introduced: 1988 Made For:Semi-Auto
Cart Len:1.610-in Case Len:1.285-in
Case Dia:0.547-in Bul Dia:0.500-in
MV: From 1305 to 1579 ft/sec
ME: From 1227 to 1568 ft-lb
WT: From 300 to 325 grains
Description:

This cartridge was developed in 1988 for the IMI (now IWI) Desert Eagle semi-auto pistol, exclusively marketed by Magnum Research. Just like the pistol, this is a mammoth round and is considered one of the world's most powerful semi-automatic cartridges. This cartridge is almost exclusive to the Desert Eagle semi-auto pistol, although AMT produced the Automag V in this caliber for a while, and now Magnum Research is also marketing a revolver in this caliber.

.454 Casull
.454 Casull
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1959 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:1.700-in Case Len:1.390-in
Case Dia:0.480-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
MV: From 1300 to 1900 ft/sec
ME: From 938 to 1923 ft-lb
WT: From 240 to 335 grains
Description:

This cartridge employs a special case, similar to the .45 Colt, but 0.1 inch longer to prevent the round from chambering in .45 Colt revolvers. This is because the higher pressure loading in the .454 Casull would be dangerous in revolvers chambered for the milder .45 Colt cartridge. The .454 Casull is one of the most powerful revolver cartridges available and is primarily used for hunting.

.460 S&W Magnum (.460 Smith & Wesson Magnum)
.460 S&W Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2005 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:2.290-in Case Len:1.800-in
Case Dia:0.478-in Bul Dia:0.452-in
MV: From 1900 to 2300 ft/sec
ME: From 2350 to 2860 ft-lb
WT: From 200 to 300 grains
Description:

This cartridge is a lengthened, more powerful version of the .454 Casull. Revolvers that fire .460 S&W are usually also capable of firing the less powerful .454 Casull and .45 Colt rounds. The .460 cartridge achieves high velocities by operating at pressures normally reserved for magnum rifle cartridges. This cartridge is typically used for hunting medium to large game.

.444 Marlin
.444 Marlin
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1964 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.570-in Case Len:2.160-in
Case Dia:0.469-in Bul Dia:0.429-in
MV: From 2082 to 2500 ft/sec
ME: From 2499 to 3080 ft-lb
WT: From 180 to 305 grains
Description:

This cartridge was designed for the Marlin Model 336 lever-action rifle. It was an improvement over the .44 Magnum revolver round, which had gained its own popularity as a rifle round but was lacking in effective range and stopping power. The .444 Marlin cartridge extends both the effective range and stopping power inherent in the .44 Magnum round.

.450 Marlin
.450 Marlin
Case Type: Belted, straight
Introduced: 2000 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.550-in Case Len:2.090-in
Case Dia:0.511-in Bul Dia:0.458-in
MV: From 2100 to 2100 ft/sec
ME: From 3427 to 3427 ft-lb
WT: From 300 to 300 grains
Description:

Marlin and Hornady teamed up in 2001 to develop a high-performance cartridge that would pick up in modern guns where the older .45-70 cartridge left off. The volume of .450 Marlin cartridge is similar to the .45-70 but the working pressure is nearly double. This produces a significant performance increase over the .45-70 cartridge.

.45-70 Government
.45-70 Government
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 1873 Made For:Rifle
Cart Len:2.550-in Case Len:2.105-in
Case Dia:0.500-in Bul Dia:0.458-in
MV: From 1330 to 2025 ft/sec
ME: From 1590 to 3167 ft-lb
WT: From 300 to 450 grains
Description:

This cartridge was adopted by the US Army in 1873 along with the single shot 'Trapdoor' Springfield rifle. It continued as the official service cartridge for 19 years. It is still in use today, often for short range deer or bear hunting.

.500 S&W Magnum (.500 Smith & Wesson Magnum)
.500 S&W Magnum
Case Type: Rimmed, straight
Introduced: 2003 Made For:Revolver
Cart Len:2.100-in Case Len:1.625-in
Case Dia:0.526-in Bul Dia:0.500-in
MV: From 1625 to 1975 ft/sec
ME: From 2346 to 3031 ft-lb
WT: From 350 to 450 grains
Description:

This cartridge is the most powerful factory load ever developed specifically for handgun use. It was developed by Cor-Bon with the 'X-Gun' engineering team at Smith & Wesson for use in their Model 500 series revolvers. The .500 S&W Magnum can develop over 2600 ft-lb of muzzle energy, nearly three times as much as the 900 ft-lb generated by the .44 Magnum.