This information is derived from a combination of sources: manufacturer's specifications,
measuruments performed by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI)
and approximation formulas devloped by Genitron.com.
Rankings shown here are based on a 4-inch revolver barrel. Rankings for guns of this caliber in our database will vary based on their actual barrel types and lengths.
In shooting competition the Power Factor is used to determine the competitive division in which a particular handgun/cartridge
can be used. It is a simple calculation of the bullet's mass times its muzzle velocity.
PF = bull. mass x muzzel vel.
TKO-Taylor Knock Out Formula
Developed by big-game hunter John Howard Taylor in the 1940's, this formula calculates the relative effectiveness of bullets for hunting game.
TKO = (bull. mass x muzzle vel. x bull. dia.)/7000
In 1974, SAAMI established standards for a .38 Special cartridge with a gunpowder load that generated a higher firing pressure than the standard cartridge. Designated with a +P suffix, this cartridge has a significant, but not huge, increase in performance over the standard .38 Special cartridge.