This information is derived from a combination of sources: manufacturer's specifications,
measuruments performed by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI)
and approximation formulas devloped by Genitron.com.
Rankings shown here are based on a 5-inch pistol barrel. Rankings for guns of this caliber in our database will vary based on their actual barrel types and lengths.
In shooting competition the Power Factor is used to determine the competitive division in which a particular handgun/cartridge
can be used. It is a simple calculation of the bullet's mass times its muzzle velocity.
PF = bull. mass x muzzel vel.
TKO-Taylor Knock Out Formula
Developed by big-game hunter John Howard Taylor in the 1940's, this formula calculates the relative effectiveness of bullets for hunting game.
TKO = (bull. mass x muzzle vel. x bull. dia.)/7000
This cartridge was developed by John Browning and was adopted by the United States Ordnance Department along with the Colt-Browning automatic pistol in 1911. It has also been made the official military handgun chambering by several other governments, notably Argentina, Mexico and Norway. The 45 Automatic is the most powerful military handgun cartridge in use today. This is a heavy and powerful sub-sonic round. Although its muzzle energy can exceed 400 ft-lbs, its velocity and bullet weight creates a steep trajectory curve that limits its effective range to self-defense distances.